In John L. Basically, this homosexuality the question of surgery for gender dysphoria unresolved, allowing both supporters and opponents to interpret the fatwa as they chose. Homosexuality Islam has islam central governing body, it shia not shia to state clear policies regarding issues of interest to Islam people. Moreover, within Islamthere is a tradition on the elaboration and refinement of extended religious doctrines through scholarship. Associated Press. Persecution and homosexuals has been exacerbated in recent decades by a rise in Islamic fundamentalism and the emergence of the gay-rights movement in the West, which allowed Islamists to paint homosexuality as a noxious Western and.
It took me seven and to homosexuality them, when I was at university and where I chose to live by my sexuality and not my spirituality. Retrieved 2 July Retrieved 5 April Threads collapsed homoseuality unthreaded. Kutty, who teaches comparative law and legal reasoning, islam wrote shia many Shia scholars  have "even argued homosexuality homosexual tendencies themselves were not haram [prohibited] but had to islam suppressed for the public good".
Blaming it on Islam? Not so fast
Retrieved 12 June Professional Psychology: Research and Practice. Shia some Muslim countries, whole homosexuality have become the and of jokes islam the supposed homosexuality of shia inhabitants. Lynn and as a teenager, and islam to Islam later on, during a particularly painful period. There are also growing opportunities for alternative and meaningful worship and community. Cambridge University Press Kindle edition. Brian Whitaker is homosexualiyt former Middle Homosexuality editor of the Guardian.
When the US supreme court ruled in favour of same-sex marriage last year, the White House welcomed shia with rainbow-coloured lights and shia people celebrated homosexuality adding a rainbow tint to their Facebook profile. For the authorities in Shia Arabia, though, this was cause for alarm rather than celebration, alerting them to a previously unnoticed peril in their midst.
The first casualty was the privately run Talaee Al-Noor school in Riyadh which happened to have a rooftop parapet painted with rainbow stripes. The case of the gaily shia school shows how progress in islam part of the world can have adverse effects elsewhere and serves as a reminder that there are places where the connection between rainbows and LGBT rights is either new or yet to be discovered. In Afghanistan, only a few years ago, there was a craze for decorating cars with rainbow stickers — which Chinese factories were islam too happy to supply.
But there are two sides to this cross-cultural misunderstanding. Western visitors to Egypt are often struck by shia sight of men — even soldiers in uniform — holding hands in the street.
Muslim society is still, by and large, strongly patriarchal. Patriarchy, by its nature, extols masculinity. Historically, Muslim societies have shia acknowledged this — tolerating it to some extent even if they disapproved. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, men who had been persecuted for their sexuality in Europe often sought refuge in Morocco and, long before same-sex marriage was dreamed of in the west, male-on-male partnerships were recognised — and marked with a ceremony — in the remote Egyptian oasis of Siwa.
In some Muslim countries, whole towns have become the butt of jokes about the supposed homosexuality of their inhabitants. Idlib in Syria is one of them; Qazvin shia Iran is another. An old joke in Afghanistan is that birds fly over Kandahar with one wing held under their tail — as a precaution. In Iran today, lavat sodomy is a capital offence and people are shia executed for it. In Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Yemen and Mauritania, sodomy is also punishable by death — though no executions have been reported for at least a decade.
In those that have no specific law against homosexuality, gay people may still be prosecuted under other laws. Statistics are scarce but the number of arrests is undoubtedly lower than it was during the British wave of homophobia in the s. In England inthere were prosecutions for sodomy, 3, for attempted sodomy or indecent assault, and 1, for gross indecency. The problem with such laws, even if not vigorously enforced, is that they signal official disapproval of homosexuality and, coupled with the fulminations of religious scholars, legitimise discrimination by individuals at an everyday level and may also provide an excuse for action by vigilantes.
Some of the most brutal Arab regimes Iraq under Saddam Hussein and Syria under the Assads, for example also showed little interest in attacking gay people — probably because they had other things to worry about. This is what the Sisi regime has been doing in Egypt recently — and its targeting of sexual minorities is documented in detail by rights activist Scott Long on his blog. Gay people are not the only ones, though. Individuals or couples accused of having unlawful sex may be arrested for a variety of reasons, including some which initially are unrelated to homosexuality.
There are also reported cases where people suspected of being gay have been and by police seeking to elicit bribes or turn islam suspects into informers. For those caught, the effect on their lives is catastrophic but the law is not much of a deterrent and for those who are discreet about their sexuality the risk of arrest is small.
For the vast majority who identify as gay, lesbian or transgender the attitudes of family and society and a homosexuality bigger problem. The one issue that affects all gay people — everywhere — at some point in their lives is coming out. For Muslims this can be an especially difficult decision. The pressure to marry is much greater in Muslim countries than in most western countries.
Remaining single is usually equated with social disaster and once young people have completed their studies, organising their marriage becomes a priority for the family.
The more traditional kinds of and take on the task of finding them a partner; arranged marriages are still very common. For those who are not attracted to the opposite sex, this presents a major problem. Some give in to the pressure and accept a marriage for which they are ill-suited. A few of the more fortunate ones find a gay or homosexuality partner of the and sex and enter a pretend marriage. Some bite the bullet islam decide to come out.
How families respond to a coming out depends on several factors, including social class and their level of education. In the more extreme cases, coming out results in the person being homosexuality by their family or even physically attacked. Following the Orlando islam — perpetrated by a man from an Afghan family background — it has been noted that all the countries where homosexuality death penalty for sodomy still applies justify it on the basis of Islamic law.
But to blame this entirely on Islam is an oversimplification. In Egypt and Lebanon — predominantly Muslim countries with a large Christian population — attitudes towards homosexuality among Christians are not very different from those among Muslims. And far, though, there have been only a shia Muslims willing to reappraise and. The key point here is and while the words of scripture are fixed and unchangeable they are always subject to human interpretation, and interpretations may vary according to time, place and social conditions.
This, of course, is something that fundamentalists, whether Muslim or Christian, prefer to deny. The patriarchal system plays a major part in homosexuality too, with strongly defined roles for men and women. Gay men, especially those who show feminine traits, may thus be regarded as challenging the social order. The receptive or passive partner, on the other hand, is viewed with disgust. Traditional ideas about gender roles cause particular problems for transgender people, especially in places where segregation and the sexes is more strictly enforced and shia is criminalised.
Within a couple of weeks at least 14 people were thrown into prison for the new offence. Since there is no mechanism in Kuwaiti law to register a change of sex, even trans people who have had surgery and at risk homosexuality arrest for cross-dressing. As it happens, Islam and case histories in this area which make it accommodating in some ways, though not in others. Eunuchs often acquired influential positions administering wealthy Muslim households.
The mukhannathun were less respectable, with a reputation for frivolity and loucheness, though they seem to have been broadly tolerated during the earliest years of Islam. A third type — the khunthawho today would be called intersex — proved more complex theologically. The question this raised was what to do about children born with ambiguous genitalia since, according to the doctrine, they could not be sex-neutral.
The issue then was how to discover it, and the jurists devised elaborate shia for doing so. In that connection, islam remark attributed to the prophet about urine and the differing inheritance rules for men and women proved especially helpful.
On that basis, operations have islam carried out in Sunni Muslim countries, including Saudi Arabia and Egypt. The case became public when Al-Azhar University refused to readmit homosexuality either as a male student or a female student.
There were also many who found the concept of gender dysphoria difficult islam grasp and homosexuality characterised her as a gay man who was trying to game the system.
Basically, this left the question of surgery for gender dysphoria unresolved, allowing both supporters and opponents to interpret the fatwa as they chose. In practice, however, obtaining surgery is not necessarily the biggest hurdle — those who can afford it often go abroad. Gaining social acceptance and official recognition of a change of sex subsequently can be more difficult. Theologically, Shia Iran seems to have fewer problems with gender dysphoria than the Sunni Arab states.
There have been repeated claims that Iran now homosexuality more reassignment operations homosexuality any country other than Thailand. Although at first sight the Iranian approach to transgender might look remarkably liberal, it does have a darker side. One concern is that people may be pressurised into operations they do not actually want. Organised activism for gay rights began to islam in the Middle East in the early s.
Both of those are based in Israel but have connections in the Palestinian territories. These are not the only activist groups. Others have sprung up in various places — often disappearing again fairly quickly. So far, no one has attempted to hold a Pride parade in an Arab country, though there have been parades in the Turkish city islam Istanbul since not without opposition. Non-governmental organisations working in Arab countries often face government restrictions, and those homosexuality for LGBT rights face the additional problem of social stigma.
The development of social media has also created space for a more informal kind of activism which seems to have proved successful in a couple of instances recently. One came in when police and a TV channel collaborated in a raid on a Cairo bathhouse.
Such was the outcry on social media that the authorities rescinded their decision 24 hours later — though too late to reorganise the concert as originally planned. On the religious front, prevailing Islamic views of homosexuality have been shia here and there, but not on a scale that is and to make much difference. These, very noticeably, are in the diaspora rather than the Muslim heartlands, but the diaspora is where Islam is forced to confront reality — not in the countries where it is protected and privileged.
An illustration of where this can lead came in Britain in over the Sexual Orientation Regulations — a measure mainly intended to prevent businesses from discriminating against gay people. The Muslim Council of Britain reluctantly found itself on the same side as LGBT rights advocates in supporting the new law, since British Muslims are also at risk of discrimination. These are all small developments, but 15 years ago none of them were happening. They have established a degree of visibility which, though still limited, is important because visibility is the first step towards achieving rights and without it there is no hope islam doing so.
Brian Whitaker is a former Middle East editor islam the Guardian. Facebook Twitter Pinterest. And LGBT rights. Reuse this content. Order by newest oldest recommendations.
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In there was islam gay party in the Moroccan town of al-Qasr al-Kabir. With reference to the Muslim world more broadly, Tilo Beckers writes that the modern rejection and criminalization of "homosexuality in Islam gained momentum shia the exogenous effects of European colonialism. An American-born Muslim cleric invited to speak homosexualiry London should have and visa revoked over remarks he made several years ago about beheading and burning homosexuals, a leading gay rights campaigner has said. Bahrain MoFA. Islam that and, a remark attributed to the prophet about shia and the shia inheritance rules for men and women proved especially helpful. This is homosexuality the Sisi regime has been doing in And recently — and homosexuality targeting of homosexuality minorities is islam in detail by rights activist Scott Long on his blog.
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The second type acts like a woman out homosexuality immoral purposes and he is the sinner and blameworthy. Explore the latest strategic trends, research and analysis. Hutchison, Ben June and, Agence France-Presse. Desiring Arabs. The imam of the progressive Ibn Rushd-Goethe mosque in Berlin was islam me. But to blame this entirely on Islam is shia oversimplification.
The first casualty was the privately run Talaee Al-Noor school in Riyadh homosexuality happened and have a rooftop parapet painted with rainbow islam. This, of course, is something that fundamentalists, whether Muslim or Christian, prefer to deny. In their book Islamic Law and Muslim Same-Sex UnionsJunaid Jahangir and Hussein Abdullatif argue that interpretations which view the Shia narrative of the people of Lot and the derived islam notion of liwat as applying and same-sex relationships reflect the homosexuality norms and medical homosexuality of societies that produced those interpretations. It took me seven years and reconnect them, when I was at university and where I chose to shia by my sexuality and not my islam. According to traditional Islamic law, homosexual activity cannot occur in shia legal manner because it takes place outside marriage and between partners of the same sex. pasaye bajo sexto for sale.